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Disability In Southeast Asian Countries

How many persons with disabilities are there in Southeast Asian countries?
It is difficult to determine the exact number of persons with disabilities in Southeast Asia as methodologies and definitions vary in each country. For example, each country has a different definition of disability. In some countries, only people with physical and sensory disabilities are counted, while in other countries persons with intellectual or psychosocial disabilities are included in the total number of persons with disabilities. Also, data collection methods vary from country to country. Some countries ask a question about disability on their censuses, some conduct representative surveys and others do not collect any data on disability.

The chart below shows estimates that each government gave to the World Health Organization (WHO) and the UN Economic and Social Council for the Asia Pacific (UN ESCAP). The WHO estimates that 15% of the world’s population has a disability and that the prevalence is even higher in post-conflict countries. The third column below shows 15% of each country’s population. The drastically different numbers from each source demonstrate the difficulty of determining the true number of persons with disabilities in each country.

 Table information disability in asean

How many countries have ratified CRPD?
Out of the eleven countries in the region, there are seven that have ratified the Convention on the Rights for Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) and three that have signed the Convention. The following table shows each country’s date of signatory and ratification.

Tabel information disability in ASEAN 2

Last update January 22, 2015

The Convention follows decades of work by the United Nations to change attitudes and approaches to persons with disabilities. It takes to a new height the movement from viewing persons with disabilities as "objects" of charity, medical treatment and social protection towards viewing persons with disabilities as "subjects" with rights, who are capable of claiming those rights and making decisions for their lives based on their free and informed consent as well as being active members of society.

The Convention is intended as a human rights instrument with an explicit, social development dimension. It adopts a broad categorization of persons with 26 The 3rd Regional Dialogue on Access to Elections disabilities and reaffirms that all persons with all types of disabilities must enjoy all human rights. It clarifies identifies areas where adaptations have to be made for persons with disabilities to effectively exercise their rights and areas where their rights have been violated, and where protection of rights must be reinforced.

More information about the CRPD can be found in the section entitled “U.N. Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities”.

CRPD Maps
Source: www.un.org

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